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How to install CVS

July 21, 2006

Installation:

Compile it from source

Download from ftp://ftp.cvshome.org/pub/

$ gunzip cvs-x.x.tar.gz $ tar -xvf cvs-x.x.tar $ cd cvs-x.x/  $ ./configure $ ./make $ su -l (enter password)	#switch user to root # ./make install

check to make certain CVS is installed:

$ which cvs /usr/bin/cvs

Create the cvsroot for a user and master repository:

You can choose to place your cvsroot almost wherever you want. I’ve historically placed it in /home/ to make regular backups easier. You might have your own reasons to place it where you want.

$ su -l # adduser cvs # rm -rf /home/cvs # mkdir /home/cvs

It can be convenient to enable user permissions by creating a ‘cvs’ group in /etc/group, and then adding various users to that group. While adding permissions to the cvsroot directories to the group ‘cvs’.

Set a CVSROOT:

You need to set the environment variables, so that CVS knows where to find the root library.

$ export CVSROOT=/home/cvs/		#for bash users > setenv CVSROOT '/home/cvs'		#for csh, or tcsh users # this can also be added to /etc/profile for system-wide access

This can also be set automatically upon login by adding a line to your ~/.bashrc file (or whichever stores your shell environment variables).

Check to make sure that it’s set properly:

$ echo $CVSROOT /home/cvs/

As you may have noticed, the CVSROOT variable is set by the client, and not the server. This enables you to easily use multiple CVSROOTs, based on permissions, partitioning, etc.

Remote access:

The CVS slient can also be configured to use a cvsroot on a remote server, and to tunnel through SSH. The remote client needs to have these entered at the command line, or read in from the .bashrc file:

export CVSROOT="user@host.domain.tld:/pathto/cvsroot" export CVS_RSH="/usr/bin/ssh"

All commands should operate as usual, but each will require a password in order to proceed.

Bad CVSROOT error:

A common, and frustrating error to run into while using this method, because it’s not well documented.

cvs checkout: is set for a remote access method but your cvs checkout: CVS executable doesn't support it cvs [checkout aborted]: Bad CVSROOT.

Your problem most likely exists with the client version of the cvs binary. It’s probably version 1.11.1 or previous, upgrading to 1.11.2 should take care of this.

3 comments

  1. it requires username and password.


  2. […] How to install CVS | Linux Systems and Network Administration – Jul 21, 2006 · Installation: Compile it from source Download from ftp://ftp.cvshome.org/pub/ $ gunzip cvs-x.x.tar.gz $ tar -xvf cvs-x.x.tar $ cd cvs-x.x/ …… […]


  3. […] How to install CVS | Linux Systems and Network … – Jul 21, 2006 · Installation: Compile it from source. Download from ftp://ftp.cvshome.org/pub/ $ gunzip cvs-x.x.tar.gz $ tar -xvf cvs-x.x.tar $ cd cvs-x.x/ $ …… […]



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